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Author Topic: Bake A Pi  (Read 3455 times)

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Offline abcd567

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  • Posts: 87
Bake A Pi
« on: February 18, 2019, 04:56:46 PM »
RASPBERRY PI
HOW TO INSTALL OPERATING SYSTEM, DECODER, AND DATA FEEDERS.

Click on the options to see detailed instructions.
Alternatively, scroll down to see all these options



OPTION-1
- Raspbian Lite image
- dump1090-mutability ver 1.15~dev
- Data feeders.


OPTION-2
- Raspbian Lite image
- dump1090-fa
- Data feeders.


OPTION-3
- Piaware image (this image has integral dump1090-fa and Piaware data feeder)
- Additional Data feeders


OPTION-4
- Pi24 image (this image has integral dump1090-mutability ver1.14 and FR24 data feeder)
- Additional data feeders.
Note:
Pi24 image has "read-only file system", and wont allow installation of any other data feeder. Give following command to make it read & write file system
Code: [Select]
sudo mount -o remount,rw /
After completion of feeder installation, reboot Pi to restore defaults.

HOW TO INSTALL DATA FEEDERS
1) Planefinder
2) Flightaware
3) Flightradar24
4) Radarbox24
« Last Edit: February 19, 2019, 07:25:42 PM by abcd567 »

Offline abcd567

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  • Posts: 87
Re: Bake A Pi
« Reply #1 on: February 18, 2019, 05:26:13 PM »
OPTION-1
Raspbian Lite image + dump1090-mutability + Data feeders


1 -  Download Raspbian Lite image (zip) on your Desktop/Laptop
  https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/

2 - Unzip downloaded file.

3 -  Insert microSD Card in your Desktop/Laptop’s card slot (or use a card reader plugged into USB Port).

4 -  Write the unzipped Raspbian Lite image to microSD Card using "Wi32DiskImager" or "Etcher".

5 -  Enable SSH:
After image is written, in Windows Explorer, double click the drive letter of microSD card. This will open the folder /boot and show lots of files and some folders.

  • Windows: In File Explorer, double click the drive letter of microSD card. This will open the folder /boot and show lots of files and some folders. Right click in /boot folder, and create a new blank file named ssh or ssh.txt

  • Mac: Open terminal and give following command
    touch /Volumes/boot/ssh
6 -  Enable Wifi on first boot:
Note: Do this only if you are going to use it. otherwise if you will use wired connection, dont do it

  • Windows: In File Explorer, double click the drive letter of microSD card. This will open the folder /boot and show lots of files and some folders. Right click in /boot folder and create a new blank file named wpa_supplicant.conf. If your Desktop/Laptop does not show file extensions, configure Windows File explorer to show file extensions. If the file has a hidden extension .txt, it will not enable wifi.

    Alternatively you can create this file by giving following command in Windows command prompt console, which will create file with correct extension:
    C:\Windows\System32>echo > M:\wpa_supplicant.conf
    (Replace letter M by drive letter of your microSD Card in Windows)

  • Mac: Open terminal and give following command
    touch /Volumes/boot/wpa_supplicant.conf
    Open the Finder program. Select the Micro SD card device labelled "boot". Open the file "wpa_supplicant.conf" in TextEdit.

  • Windows & Mac: In the opened blank file wpa_supplicant.conf, copy paste following text:

Code: [Select]
network={
    ssid="YOUR_SSID"
    psk="YOUR_PASSWORD"
}
    Replace YOUR_SSID by your router’s wifi ssid, and YOUR_PASSWORD by your router’s wifi password.
    Save file. On boot, wifi login info will be automatically copied into file /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf, enabling wifi on first boot.

7 -  Remove microSD card from card reader, insert into Pi, power up, and SSH.

8 -  Install dump1090-mutability v1.15~dev
  • It is important that first dump1090-mutability is installed, and data feeders are installed after dump1090-mutability has been installed.
  • To see the map, type in address bar of your browser:
    http://<IP of Pi>/dump1090/

On Raspian BUSTER:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt install dump1090-mutability


On Raspbian STRETCH:
Follow the step-by-step method given below to built & install dump1090-mutability_1.15~dev from source code.


8.1 - UPDATE THE OPERATING SYSTEM
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get update   

8.2 -  INSTALL PRE REQUISIT PACKAGES (needed to build, and needed to fulfill dependencies)
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install -y git  build-essential debhelper rtl-sdr   
sudo apt-get install -y librtlsdr-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev pkg-config   
sudo apt-get install -y fakeroot curl cron lighttpd   

8.3 -  DOWNLOAD / CLONE THE SOURCE FILES TO YOUR RPi
Code: [Select]
cd ~/   
sudo mkdir install-dump   
cd install-dump   
sudo git clone -b unmaintained https://github.com/mutability/dump1090.git   

8.4 -  BUILD THE DUMP1090-MUTABILITY PACKAGE
Note: This is a lengthy process, and seems to freez at several occasions. Please be patient, and let the process take it's time to finish.
Code: [Select]
cd ~/install-dump/dump1090   
sudo dpkg-buildpackage -b   

8.5 -  INSTALL THE DUMP1090-MUTABILITY PACKAGE
Code: [Select]
cd ~/install-dump   
sudo dpkg -i dump1090-mutability_1.15~dev_*.deb   

8.6 -  CONFIGURE THE WEB SERVER
Code: [Select]
sudo lighty-enable-mod dump1090   
sudo systemctl force-reload lighttpd   

8.7 -  DUMP1090-MUTABILITY POST INSTALLATION CONFIGURATION
Code: [Select]
sudo dpkg-reconfigure dump1090-mutability   
For most settings, accept default settings by pressing "Enter".
For following settings, enter values as shown:
(a) RTL-SDR dongle to use: 0
(b) Your receiver's Latitude (in decimal format): xx.xxxx
(c) Your receiver's  Longitude (in decimal format): yy.yyyy 
(d) Interface address to bind to (blank for all interfaces): remove default 127.0.0.1 and leave blank.

For advance users:Alternatively, you can change the settings by editing the configuration file shown below:
Code: [Select]
sudo nano /etc/default/dump1090-mutability   
#after making changes, save file and exit     
#restart dump1090-mutability   
sudo systemctl restart dump1090-mutability   

8.8 -  BUG FIX - RASPBIAN STRETCH:
In Raspbian Stretch dump1090-mutability doed not provide output data.
The map in browser (ip-of-pi/dump1090/gmap.html), will show following warning:
"Problem fetching data from dump1090."




Give following commands to remove this bug

Code: [Select]
sudo wget -O /etc/udev/rules.d/rtl-sdr.rules "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/osmocom/rtl-sdr/master/rtl-sdr.rules"

sudo reboot


8.9 -  See Map in your browser at following address
http://<IP of Pi>/dump1090/

.

9 -  ADD TERRAIN LIMIT RINGS
Dump1090-mutability v1.15~dev can display terrain limit rings using data obtained from the website  http://www.heywhatsthat.com.


9.1 -  First you have to generate a panorama for your location. To do this, follow the steps in the first post of the following thread:

 What is the Maximum Range I can Get?

9.2 -  Once your panorama is generated, look near the top left of your newly created panorama page. You will see URL of your panorama there. The URL will be http: // www . heywhatsthat . com/?view=XXXXXXXX where XXXXXXXX is the ID for your panorama.

See screenshot below.





9.3 -  Use following command to download the generated panorama's JSON file "upintheair.json" to your RPi, and save it in the folder "/usr/share/dump1090-mutability/html" (replace XXXXXXXX in the command below by your panorama's ID).


Code: [Select]
sudo wget -O /usr/share/dump1090-mutability/html/upintheair.json "http://www.heywhatsthat.com/api/upintheair.json?id=XXXXXXXX&refraction=0.25&alts=3048,12192"   

You can create as many rings as you want by adding elevations (in meters) at the end of URL given in the wget command above after "&alts=", separated by commas.

10,000 ft = 3048 m
20,000 ft = 6096 m
25,000 ft = 7620 m
30,000 ft = 9144 m
40,000 ft = 12192 m

Hence if you want to add all the 5 elevation rings noted above, the string at the end of wget URL will become  "&alts=3048,6096,7620,9144,12192"

To keep map un-cluttered, I have used only 2 rings in the wget command above. i.e. the 10,000 feet (3048 meters), and 40,000 feet (12192 meters).
Important:
Use altitude in meters in the wget URL above.
Do NOT use feet.

9.4 -  RESTART dump1090-mutability
Code: [Select]
sudo systemctl restart dump1090-mutability   



10 - Install Data Feeders (CLICK HERE)


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« Last Edit: December 29, 2019, 12:12:27 AM by abcd567 »

Offline abcd567

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  • Posts: 87
Re: Bake A Pi
« Reply #2 on: February 18, 2019, 05:27:33 PM »
OPTION-2
Raspbian Lite image + dump1090-fa + Data feeders


1 -  Download Raspbian Lite image (zip) on your Desktop/Laptop
https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/

2 - Unzip downloaded file.

3 -  Insert microSD Card in your Desktop/Laptop’s card slot (or use a card reader plugged into USB Port).

4 -  Write the unzipped Raspbian Lite image to microSD Card using "Wi32DiskImager" or "Etcher".

5 -  Enable SSH:
After image is written, in Windows Explorer, double click the drive letter of microSD card. This will open the folder /boot and show lots of files and some folders.

  • Windows: In File Explorer, double click the drive letter of microSD card. This will open the folder /boot and show lots of files and some folders. Right click in /boot folder, and create a new blank file named ssh or ssh.txt

  • Mac: Open terminal and give following command
    touch /Volumes/boot/ssh
6 -  Enable Wifi on first boot:
Note: Do this only if you are going to use it. otherwise if you will use wired connection, dont do it

  • Windows: In File Explorer, double click the drive letter of microSD card. This will open the folder /boot and show lots of files and some folders. Right click in /boot folder and create a new blank file named wpa_supplicant.conf. If your Desktop/Laptop does not show file extensions, configure Windows File explorer to show file extensions. If the file has a hidden extension .txt, it will not enable wifi.

    Alternatively you can create this file by giving following command in Windows command prompt console, which will create file with correct extension:
    C:\Windows\System32>echo > M:\wpa_supplicant.conf
    (Replace letter M by drive letter of your microSD Card in Windows)

  • Mac: Open terminal and give following command
    touch /Volumes/boot/wpa_supplicant.conf
    Open the Finder program. Select the Micro SD card device labelled "boot". Open the file "wpa_supplicant.conf" in TextEdit.

  • Windows & Mac: In the opened blank file wpa_supplicant.conf, copy paste following text:

Code: [Select]
network={
    ssid="YOUR_SSID"
    psk="YOUR_PASSWORD"
}
    Replace YOUR_SSID by your router’s wifi ssid, and YOUR_PASSWORD by your router’s wifi password.
    Save file. On boot, wifi login info will be automatically copied into file /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf, enabling wifi on first boot.

7 -  Remove microSD card from card reader, insert into Pi, power up, and SSH.

8 -  Install dump1090-fa
  • It is important that first dump1090-fa is installed, and data feeders are installed after dump1090-fa has been installed.
  • Issue following commands to install dump1090-fa:

Code: [Select]
wget http://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/files/packages/pool/piaware/p/piaware-support/piaware-repository_3.7.2_all.deb   

sudo dpkg -i piaware-repository_3.7.2_all.deb   

sudo apt-get update   

sudo apt-get install dump1090-fa   

sudo reboot   

    The above version is current as on December 18, 2019.
    For latest version number, check this page:
    https://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/install



    9 -  Configure dump1090-fa

    9.1 -  Open config file for editing
    Code: [Select]
    sudo nano /etc/default/dump1090-fa   

    9.2 -  Must Do: Set Location of your receiver
    To this file, add your receiver's Latitude and longitude (in decimal format) as shown in red below.

    9.3 -  Optional: Set gain value
    The gain value by default is set "--gain -10" as shown in blue below. The gain value -10 is a special value and sets gain to AGC. 
    If you want to change gain setting, replace -10 by the gain value you desire. The possible gain value range is from 0 to 49.6
    All gain values should be positive, for example "--gain 38".
    The only negative gain value used is -10, which is a special gain value and sets gain to AGC (automatic gain control).

    Quote
    # dump1090-fa configuration
    # This is read by the systemd service file as an environment file,
    # and evaluated by some scripts as a POSIX shell fragment.

    # If you are using a PiAware sdcard image, this config file is regenerated
    # on boot based on the contents of piaware-config.txt; any changes made to this
    # file will be lost.

    RECEIVER_OPTIONS="--device-index 0 --gain -10 --ppm 0 --net-bo-port 30005"
    DECODER_OPTIONS="--max-range 360 --lat xx.xxxx --lon yy.yyyy"
    NET_OPTIONS="--net --net-heartbeat 60 --net-ro-size 1000 --net-ro-interval 1 --net-ri-port 0 --net-ro-port 30002 --net-sbs-port 30003 --net-bi-port 30004,30104 --net-bo-port 30005"
    JSON_OPTIONS="--json-location-accuracy 1"

    Code: [Select]
    #after making changes, save file and exit

    #restart dump1090-fa
    sudo systemctl restart dump1090-fa   

    #check status of dump1090-fa
    sudo systemctl status dump1090-fa -l   

    10 -  See Map in your browser at following address
    http://<IP of Pi>/dump1090-fa/



    11 - Install Data Feeders (CLICK HERE)


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    « Last Edit: December 19, 2019, 11:35:20 PM by abcd567 »

    Offline abcd567

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    • ***
    • Posts: 87
    Re: Bake A Pi
    « Reply #3 on: February 18, 2019, 05:28:03 PM »
    PLACE HOLDER FOR OPTION-3

    Offline abcd567

    • Member
    • ***
    • Posts: 87
    Re: Bake A Pi
    « Reply #4 on: February 18, 2019, 05:28:31 PM »
    PLACE HOLDER FOR OPTION-4

    Offline abcd567

    • Member
    • ***
    • Posts: 87
    Re: Bake A Pi
    « Reply #5 on: February 18, 2019, 05:29:11 PM »
    INSTALLATION OF DATA FEEDERS


    (1) INSTALLATION OF PLANEFINDER DATA FEEDER:
    To install Plane Finder Client, enter these commands in console:

    This version of Planefnder Feeder has Open Street Map by default, but has option to switch to Google Map
    Code: [Select]
    wget http://client.planefinder.net/pfclient_4.1.1_armhf.deb   
    sudo dpkg -i pfclient_4.1.1_armhf.deb   

    The above version is current as on December 18, 2019.
    For latest version number, check this page:
    https://planefinder.net/sharing/client

     
    CONFIGURE
    After installation is complete as above, type http: //<ip address of RPi on your network>:30053/setup.html in your browser, and follow instructions on the page opened. The <ip address of RPi on your network> will be something like 192.168.2.12 and can be found from your router setup.

    Choose option to request sharecode, if you don't already have one. Planefinder will send it to you by email. After you receive sharecode, you can enter it on above page and complete your configuration.

    During configuration,enter:
    Sharecode
    Receiver Lat: Your Latitude in decimal format
    Receiver Lon: Your Longitude in decimal format
    Click "Assign Share Code"


    This will open a new page. On this page enter:
    Receiver Data Format:  Beast
    How are you connecting to your receiver: Network
    IP Address:  127.0.0.1
    Port Number: 30005
    Click "Complete configuration"

    PF Client web interfaces:
    After SETUP is complete and pfclient is up & running, you can see following in your computer's browser.
    http:// <ip-address-of-RPi>:30053/map.html (shows planes on Open Street Map/Google Map)
    http:// <ip-address-of-RPi>:30053/stats.html (shows stats of your receiver)
    http:// <ip-address-of-RPi>:30053/logs.html (shows logs of your receiver)

    (<ip-address-of-RPi> will be something like 192.168.2.15 . Obtain exact value from your router settings)
    .
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    .

    (2) INSTALLATION OF FLIGHTAWARE DATA FEEDER:

    Code: [Select]
    wget http://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/files/packages/pool/piaware/p/piaware-support/piaware-repository_3.7.2_all.deb   
    sudo dpkg -i piaware-repository_3.7.2_all.deb   

    sudo apt-get update   
    sudo apt-get install piaware   

    #The above command will run for a while and install piaware.
    #After installation is completed, give following commands.
    sudo piaware-config allow-auto-updates yes   
    sudo piaware-config allow-manual-updates yes   


    The above version is current as on December 18, 2019.
    To check latest version number, go to item "2 - Download and Install PiAware" on this page:
    http://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/install
    .


    Configuration:

    If you already have a feeder-id (UUID), give following commands
    Replace xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx by your actual feeder UUID.
    You can find your UUID from this page (You should be logged-in to your Flightaware account):

    https://flightaware.com/adsb/stats/user/

    Code: [Select]
    sudo piaware-config feeder-id xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx   
    sudo systemctl restart piaware   


    If you dont have a feeder-id and this is a new station, go to this page and claim new station (You should be logged-in to your Flightaware account):

    https://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/claim

    .
    .
    .
    (3) INSTALLATION OF FLIGHTRADAR24 DATA FEEDER:
    Install FR24 feeder using command below.
    After installation is done, it will present a signup wizard, asking for email, sharing key, latitude, longitude, antenna height etc.
    Code: [Select]
    sudo bash -c "$(wget -O - https://repo-feed.flightradar24.com/install_fr24_rpi.sh)"   
    The above method is current as on December 18, 2019.
    For latest instructions, please visit this page:
    https://www.flightradar24.com/raspberry-pi
    .


    Post Install configuration/Re-configuration of FR24 feeder
    METHOD-1: The FR24 Feeder can be configured on the page http://<IP of RPi>:8754/settings.html.
    The "Receiver" and "Host/IP" setting should be either "ModeS Beast(TCP),  127.0.0.1:30005" or "AVR(TCP),  127.0.0.1:30002"

    METHOD-2: Re-configuration can also be done through SSH
    Code: [Select]
    ~ $ sudo fr24feed --reconfigure   
    It will ask choice for receiver configuration. ENTER VALUES SHOWN IN RED BELOW
    Quote
    Step 4.1 - Receiver selection:
     1 - DVBT Stick (USB)
     -----------------------------------------------------
     2 - SBS1/SBS1er (USB/Network)
     3 - SBS3 (USB/Network)
     4 - ModeS Beast (USB/Network)
     5 - AVR Compatible (DVBT over network, etc)
     6 - microADSB (USB/Network)
     7 - SBSx via Basestation (localhost:30006)
    Enter your receiver type (1-7)$: 4


    Step 4.2 - Please select connection type:
     1 - Network connection
     2 - USB directly to this computer
    Enter your connection type (1-2)$: 1


    Step 4.3A - Please enter your receiver's IP address/hostname
    $: 127.0.0.1

    Step 4.3B - Please enter your receiver's data port number
    $: 30005


    Step 5.1 - Would you like to enable RAW data feed on port 30002 (yes/no)$:no

    Step 5.2 - Would you like to enable Basestation data feed on port 30003 (yes/no)$:no

    Step 6A - Please select desired logfile mode:
     0 -  Disabled
     1 -  48 hour, 24h rotation
     2 -  72 hour, 24h rotation
    Select logfile mode (0-2)$:0

    Step 6B - Please enter desired logfile path (/var/log):
    $:/var/log

    After reconfiguration, restart fr24feed
    Code: [Select]
    ~$ sudo service fr24feed restart   

    .

    (4) INSTALLATION OF RADARBOX24 DATA FEEDER

    (a) Install Radarbox24 Feeder
    Code: [Select]
    sudo bash -c "$(wget -O - http://apt.rb24.com/inst_rbfeeder.sh)"     

    The above method is current as on December 18, 2019.
    For latest instructions, please visit this page:
    https://www.radarbox24.com/raspberry-pi/guide
    .



    (b) Configure Radarbox Feeder
    After installation is complete, the rbfeeder will automatically obtain a feeder-key and station number.
    To claim your station and link to your email address, go to: https://www.radarbox24.com/raspberry-pi/claim

    Your feeder-key and station numbers are stored in file rbfeeder.ini.
    You can check your station number and key by following command
    Code: [Select]
    sudo cat /etc/rbfeeder.ini   

    #above command will display following text


    [client]
    network_mode=true
    log_file=/var/log/rbfeeder.log

    key=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

    sn=EXTRPIxxxxxx

    [network]
    mode=beast
    external_port=30005
    external_host=127.0.0.1

    [mlat]



    If you already have a feeder key, you can set it by following commands
    Code: [Select]
    sudo rbfeeder --no-start --setkey ‹your sharing key›

    sudo systemctl restart rbfeeder

    #check what key has been set
    sudo rbfeeder --showkey --no-start

    #check status
    sudo systemctl status rbfeeder -l
      .
      .
      .


    AND THAT IS ALL....... ENJOY!






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    [/list]
    « Last Edit: December 19, 2019, 11:43:40 PM by abcd567 »